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ASP Active Server Pages. This proprietary Microsoft technology allows

Web developers to embed scripts in their HTML pages in order to customize

the pages for each user. The scripts are processed on an IIS server

before the page is delivered. ASP files always have the ".asp" suffix.

CGI Common Gateway Interface. CGI is a standard means of server-side

processing on Web sites. It's typically used to process form input. Data

is passed from the user to the server (via a form, for example), where

it is then run through a CGI script. Such scripts can be written in a

number of different languages, Perl and C among the most common. CGI

files usually end with the ".cgi" suffix.

CSS Cascading Style Sheets. Web page design styles are defined by CSS

protocols. The "cascading" part refers to the fact that multiple style

sheets interact with a predefined order of precedence.

DHTML Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language. DHTML (or, as it is often

written, dHTML) is a loose term describing the integrated use of

several page-building technologies, including HTML 4.0, style sheets,

scripting, and object layering.

DNS Domain Name System. This vitally important system provides

distributed, redundant directories that map numeric IP addresses to

easy-to-type, easy-to-remember domain names. (For example, is the numeric IP address for our favorite site in the

whole wide Web.)

DSL Digital Subscriber Line. This recent technology delivers high-speed,

high-bandwidth Net access over standard telephone lines. Currently, it

can cost as little as $40 a month, plus a $200 installation cost -- not

a bad idea if your dial-up connection is slowing you down.

DSSSL Document Style Semantics and Specification Language. The standard

language for processing or converting documents, DSSSL can, as an

example, be used to translate HTML into WML.

IIS Internet Information Server. This Microsoft software runs on

Windows NT and serves Web sites to hungry users. Its competitors include

Apache and Netscape Enterprise Server.

IMAP Internet Message Access Protocol. IMAP is one of the most popular

protocols for accessing e-mail on a remote server. It is distinguished

from POP by the fact that your e-mail is stored and sorted on a server,

rather than being saved to your local machine. The most recent version

is IMAP4.

MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions. This is a protocol in which

an e-mail header indicates the nature of the content, and which

application(s) will be needed to view, play, or otherwise interact with

it. MIME allows the easy e-mail transmission of all kinds of data.

PHP Personal Home Page. This alternative to ASP runs scripts on all

platforms (and is free), whereas ASP runs only on Windows NT servers.

PHP pages usually have a .php or .phtml suffix.

POP Post Office Protocol. Another e-mail retrieval protocol, this one

differs from IMAP in that it simply allows you to download messages from

the server onto your local machine, after which they're your responsibility.

The most recent version is POP3.

PNG Portable Network Graphics. Pronounced "ping," this loss-free

compressed-graphic file format is intended to be the successor to GIF.

Unlike GIF, it has no restrictive patent, and PNG has a number of

technological improvements over the GIF format. PNG files use the .png


PPP Point-to-Point Protocol. This is a common protocol for communication

between computers, and is most typically used by a home computer dialing

into an ISP's server.

SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. SMTP is typically used in e-mail

client software in conjunction with POP or IMAP; where the latter two

protocols are used to receive e-mail, SMTP is used to send it.

SQL Structured Query Language. Generally pronounced "sequel," SQL is

the language used to query a database.

SSI Server-Side Include. With this simple technology, a Web server

inserts the value of a variable into a page before serving it. Pages

with SSIs typically have the .shtml suffix.

SSL Secure Socket Layer. Web sites often provide secure transactions

over the Net by encrypting the data being transmitted with this

Netscape-devised program layer. When the SSL protocol is active in your

browser, the protocol commonly reads "https:" instead of the "http:"

that begins most site addresses.

WML Wireless Markup Language. WML, a streamlined and specialized

version of HTML, is used to send pages of data to wireless phones and

other portable devices. It replaces the concept of Web pages with

decks of Web cards.

XHTML Extensible Hypertext Markup Language. The equivalent of HTML 5.0,

this edition is fully XML-compliant, which means (among other things)

that anyone can define new tags and attributes.

XML Extensible Markup Language. Like HTML, XML is a language used to

mark up text. However, where HTML's tags determine how the page will be

displayed, XML describes the type of data contained. The receiving

application can see that the data is, for example, a product inventory,

and decide how to display it on that basis.

XSL Extensible Stylesheet Language. This language creates style sheets

that describe how XML pages are to be displayed. It is based on the

groundwork laid by CSS and DSSSL.

XSSI Extended Server-Side Include. This module -- included in Apache,

the free Web-server software -- allows the server to do a great deal of

quick, dynamic processing of Web pages before serving them.


Resources ___________________________________________________________

Webmonkey Glossary

Onelook Dictionaries

BABEL: A Glossary of Computer Oriented Abbreviations and Acronyms

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